Countries,  Jordan

A little bit about Jordan: hundreds of empires and tribes history

Hello dear! How are you feeling? How's life going?) Today we will start to explore Jordan. We’ll go to the Wadi Rum desert. Will visit Petra temple. Will sunbathe on the beach in Aqaba. But first we will learn what kind of country it is. And its going to be a lot of text)

HISTORY

Jordan is a special country in the Islamic world. It is one of two modern Muslim states ruled by the Hashemites — the direct descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. The second such country is Morocco.

Jordan although it became an independent state in 1921 has its roots going back to ancient times.

Entire nations were born and disappeared on these lands. Civilizations like waves rolled forth and back on these sands returning to where they came from. Entire empires left, leaving only the ruins of their cultures.

But enough to keep track of running time and changes of rulers.

The very first inhabitants to mention are the Nabataeans. They created a great empire from Saudi Arabia to modern Syria, the center of which was Petra temple. And while the caravans were going along the great trade routes from Ancient Egypt to Babylon the city flourished.

The Romans left behind the city of Jerash. It was founded in the 4th century BC. In the time of Alexander the Great it was called Gerasa. It is one of the best preserved Roman cities. Every year there is an international folklore festival.

An Arab caliphate scattered fortified castles and palaces throughout the desert. The most famous and best preserved is the Castle of Caceir Amra built in the 8th century AD by Caliph Walid 1. Today it is a UNESCO heritage.

The Crusaders also managed to build a number of fortresses. They came here from Europe to conquer the Holy Sepulcher from the “infidels”. And they lingered here for several decades until their kingdom was destroyed by the soldiers of Salah al-Din. The most famous is the Kerak fortress near the Dead Sea.

Speaking of Christianity it is considered that historically it appeared on the territory of Palestine and modern Israel. But Jordan is also related to the Holy Land. It was on the eastern Jordanian coast that Jesus Christ performed the rite of baptism. All Christian churches have officially recognized this fact. The government of the kingdom even has an official documents.

The Ottoman Empire also left a legacy after 5 centuries. The city of Salt which was the center of Jordan for a long time. There was the only state men's school. Entire generations of politicians, government officials and journalists graduated from it.

On June 5, 1916 a rebellion against the rule of the Ottoman Empire broke out in Hijaj. The uprising was called the Great Arab Revolution. Britain provided them with military support so that the Bedouin tribes could divert most of the Turkish forces and thereby British can defeat the enemy in the Middle East.

For this reason the kingdom sent Lieutenant Thomas Edward Lawrence there. He helped the Arabs to wage war in the Wadi Rum desert. He received the proud name of Lawrence of Arabia and became a romantic hero in all female fantasies.

By September 1918, the Bedouin forces had completely liberated the entire territory of Jordan. The military campaign ended in Damascus thereby ending the hostilities of the First World War in the Middle East.

 

After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire several states appeared including the Emirate of Transjordan. Sheriff Abdullah bin Al Hussein became its head. During the thirty years of rule King Abdullah turned the nomads into a solid state. He laid the foundations of modern Jordan. There were the first parliamentary elections in the history of the country. And thanks to him in 1946 in London the Emirate of Transjordan was declared an independent kingdom.

When Abdallah was killed his place took his grandson — Hussein bin Talal. He was one of the most prominent statesmen of the 20th century.

King Hussein was educated in Europe so he had both eastern and western thinking. He tried to be friends with all countries. But inside the country everything was very unsweet. Arab nationalism, radical Islamism and international terrorism.

In place of Hussein came his son — Abdullah Second bin Al-Hussein. As a father and grandfather he also received education in Britain and the USA, graduated from the Royal Military Academy. Perhaps that is why Jordan is now the most cosmopolitan and Europeanized country in the Arab world. And the safest one.

With his rule Jordan has become an important subject of international life. It is a member of the UN and the League of Arab States. The country was admitted to the WTO, duty free trade zones were created with Arab countries, the USA and the EU.

People really love their king. He has a fantastically beautiful and intelligent wife, Rania, known throughout the world for her active social and charitable activities. Very often they can be found in a regular grocery store in the center of Amman.

INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT JORDAN

-Today it is generally accepted that the land of modern Jordan is part of the blessed “neighborhoods” mentioned in the Holy Quran

-The territory of Jordan is almost entirely (90%) covered with deserts and semi-deserts. Forests account for less than 1% of land

-The Queen of Jordan Rania Al-Abdullah is considered the most beautiful monarch person in the world. She is from Kuwait, and met her future husband when she worked at a bank. Shortly after the first meeting Abdullah II proposed to her.

-In Jordan, there is a special tradition according to which a guest must refuse food three times before agreeing to sit at the table. In addition, in this country it is not accepted to eat with the left hand.

— The national flower of Jordan is a black iris.

-If it snows in Jordan (which happens very rarely) local residents may not officially go to work. The last snowfall in this country was in 2012.

-In Jordan polygamy is officially permitted and families always have many children — usually from 6 to 14.

-Air here is about 8% richer in oxygen than in all other countries of the world

-In 2002 UNESCO chose Amman as the capital of Arab culture

Keep in touch!) MarrySav

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