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A little bit about Teide: the fallen stratovolcano

Hello dear! How are you feeling? We have already visited the top of one of the active volcanoes in Europe — Vesuvius. But compared with the Neapolitan representative, the Spaniard although not so hot but in size wins by two times. So today we will go to the Teide National Park on the Tenerife island.

The volcano Teide has always been and will be a place that excites people’s hearts. Today people hunt for paranormal phenomenas here, and in ancient times legends were composed about this place. The Guanches (locals) believed that an evil demon Guayota lived inside the volcano. They were suspicious of him and tried not to bother without special need.

The Guanches invented a legend: once the God Magec (God of the sun and light) was abducted by the Devil and imprisoned in the crater of a volcano. And there was total darkness in the world. The Guanches through prayer asked Achaman the Highest God to release Magek. Achaman began the fight with the Devil and won. And Devil himself replaced the God of the sun and light the crater of the volcano.

The Guanches called it the Echeyde volcano. But later, the Spaniards gave the volcano a modern name — Teide, which means “snow mountain”.

And during the Renaissance these islands were generally considered the remains of Atlantis, and Teide was the Atlas mountain. It was believed that the Canary Islands were the highest points of the drowned continent.

HISTORY

Teide is the highest point in Spain and generally in the Atlantic Ocean. Its height is 3718 m. And it is the third largest volcano in the world.

Teide has two floors. At first there was the ancient stratovolcano Las Cañadas. Stratovolcanoes grow due to the fact that a series of successive eruptions fill them with increasingly viscous lava. Initially, its height was 5000 meters. Then the top of the volcano fell under its own weight and forms a giant crater. Scientifically this design is called the caldera which means «boiler».

It happened in 1706 and it was the largest eruption. But only the port city of Garachico was damaged. All the people were saved and over the time the city was rebuilt, but the coastline changed and ships could not pass into the bay anymore. And over time Teide Peak grew inside the collapsed caldera. The result was a volcano in a volcano.

The last time Teide was active in 1909. Today, seismic activity sometimes slips but no reasons to be afraid. Moreover Teide lava is a “sour lava” and due to its chemical and geological features it cannot reach a speed of more than 5 km / h.

KEY SIGHTS

To see all the main observation points, it is better to enter on one side of the volcano, and go down on the other. It will take a day if you do not include long walking routes.

The road to the volcano on the western side of the island is covered with forests. Basically it is a Canary pine. These trees feed on fogs and clouds, because the rocky slopes of the volcano are not very rich in water. And even burned completely, after a while they can come back to life again.

The rocks of Roques de Garcy and the “Finger of God” are the most recognizable symbols of Tenerife. These rocks contain a lot of copper, so they have a specific green hue.

-Minas de San José

At first you might think that it is sand with rocks. But it’s actually a pumice stone. Usually formed after the ejection of lava structures. They are called porous volcanic glass or simply pumice. The Exomars program tested its robotic mechanisms in this place, and in 2009 the Clash of the Titans along with the second saga, The Wrath of the Titans, were filmed here.

-Mirador de Chimague

This place is located in the highlands of Arafo. From here you can see the Guimar Valley, as well as the forests of the Corona Forestal Nature Reserve.

-Mirador La Tarta

At the entrance to the Cañadas del Teide National Park, it overlooks the island's highest peaks. Hence, a great view of the peak of the Teide volcano. And at the base of the mountain you can see the green forests of the reserves, Crown Forestal and La Orotava below.

-La Crucita (Mirador La Crucita)

Natural terrace with views of the crown of pines, the consequences of Arafo volcano eruption in 1705, the Guimar valley, and on a sunny clear day on the island of Gran Canaria.

-The Plain of Ucanca (Llano de Ucanca)

The main view of Viejo peak in the Teide mountain system. Its slopes are covered with traces of the volcanic eruption of 1798. The view opens from the main road.

-Isanya (Spanish: Izaña)

An observation deck near the astronomical observatory, from which lava emissions can be observed. And a beautiful view of Teide from the east.


INFORMATION — HOW TO GET THERE

- Cable Car Teleferico del Teide

At 2.356 m there is the lower cableway station. From the top at 3555 meters, you can see almost all of the Canary Islands. The cost is 27 euros. The last 163 m to the top is a restricted area. To get to the Teide Crater, you must obtain permission in advance at www.reservasparquesnacionales.es and print it. Permission is issued free of charge. You must also have an original or photocopy of your passport.

If you stay for the night at the Refugio de Altavista base, you will not need to get permission to access the Pico del Teide to see the sunrise. In this case, you will need to leave the main trail before 9 a.m. Thus you need yo get up around 6 in the morning, go to the top, meet the sunset and return to the top cable car station. You can register here — telefericoteide.com/altavista.

You can get to the park or funicular by rented car or bus. From the bus station in Las Americas, bus 342 leaves at Teide at 9:15 a.m. daily and arrives at about 11 o'clock. This is the only run. First, the bus stops at the Parador Hotel, then at the funicular. It departs from the funicular at 15:40 and makes a stop at the Parador (departure from the parador at 16:00). Do not be late: there will be no second bus.

Information on the operation of the funicular and the state of hiking trails is also published on the cableway website in real time. Tickets can also be purchased in advance at www.volcanoteide.com. They are sold for a specific date and time, which you yourself choose when buying.

You can get to the top on foot. Climbing will take all day. The route scheme is in the info center. Keep in mind that climbing is quite difficult. Good fitness, adequate equipment, and an understanding of what you are doing are required.

And a couple of interesting facts:

— souvenirs are made from solidified lava, which are purchased by visitors annually in large quantities;

-when you go into the funicular, you will be asked to take a picture, and if you agree, then upon return they will give a finished photo made in the style of a certificate of conquering a mountain peak;

-Visitors are forbidden to take even one stone with them, as if everyone takes one, then there will be no stones left in the park.

Keep in touch! MarrySav

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